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About Sydney

brief history ...

Captain James Cook
© National Maritime Museum (UK)

The English captain James Cook discovers the Eastern coast of Australia and the place we call today Sydney in 1770 and claims it for the English Crown.

The First Fleet arrives in Sydney Australia in 1788, under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip, and the colonization of the new continent begins.

AMP Tower - Sydney
©2006 Gabriel Ditu
Captain Phillip christens Sydney Cove, after Thomas Townshend, Baron Sydney (1733-1800), the English minister responsible for the colony. Later, the name drops 'Cove' and the area becomes known as Sydney.

The Commonwealth of Australia forms in 1901.

Sydney Harbor Bridge opens to traffic in 1932.

Sydney Opera House opens its doors in 1973.

Sydney shines in the international spotlight by hosting the Olympic Games in 2000.
24 April
1912 - The NSW government grants 43 acres of land for the construction of a zoological garden, later known as Taronga Zoo.
Australian slang
  • noodling digging for opals
  • feral 4WD, hippie
  • sleepout house verandah
  • nellie alcoholic drink
  • fruit loop fool
  • rage party
  • undies underwear
  • magpie South Australian
  • loo toilet
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