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About Sydney

brief history ...

Captain James Cook
© National Maritime Museum (UK)

The English captain James Cook discovers the Eastern coast of Australia and the place we call today Sydney in 1770 and claims it for the English Crown.

The First Fleet arrives in Sydney Australia in 1788, under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip, and the colonization of the new continent begins.

AMP Tower - Sydney
©2006 Gabriel Ditu
Captain Phillip christens Sydney Cove, after Thomas Townshend, Baron Sydney (1733-1800), the English minister responsible for the colony. Later, the name drops 'Cove' and the area becomes known as Sydney.

The Commonwealth of Australia forms in 1901.

Sydney Harbor Bridge opens to traffic in 1932.

Sydney Opera House opens its doors in 1973.

Sydney shines in the international spotlight by hosting the Olympic Games in 2000.
06 December
1882 - A rare Transit of Venus across the disc of the Sun is visible from Australia, and many scientific parties arrive from around the world to observe and record the event.

2002 - The Australian Government announces a hand gun buy-back following the Monash University shooting.
Australian slang
  • brisvegas Brisbane
  • wineo drunk
  • dinkie-li sincere
  • bounce a bully
  • yike complaint
  • chokkie chocolate
  • good nick in good condition
  • blow in stranger
  • bloke man
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